On May 1, 2008 ZAO morning updated its stand on the constant-current exhibition "LenNIIProekt" in St. Petersburg, where available, and fire-retardant coatings. At the exhibition you can see in practice all the advantages fire-retardant paints and varnishes from the company. And speaking theoretically about fire retardant paint and varnish, flame-retarded, then we can draw the following conclusions: Fireproof paint – this is one of the most modern flame retardants, which is able to provide quality fire protection on the cable (in case of fire do not allow the flame to spread along the cables), metal (metal retard warming in the fire and keep the device in within the required time), timber (preventing the spread of flames on the wooden roof and wall elements to form a fire-resistant layer, which does not allow the wood to ignite.) Fire retardant paint to create surface insulation screens that provide exposure of high temperatures and impacts of fire. Fire retardant paint is part of the thin-flame retardant materials, the thickness of an average of only 1 mm. and this means that the application of fire retardant coating does not change the shape of machined structure. Find out detailed opinions from leaders such as music downloads by clicking through.

The advantage of fire-retardant paint is the method of application. In contrast, flame retardants, for application that required overall plastering machines, fire retardant paint may be applied by hand or spray gun, such as a roller or brush. Fire retardant paints can be divided into two groups: nevspuchivayuschiesya (at heating does not increase the thickness of the layer on the surface of the object) and swelling (considered the most effective, because at higher temperatures significantly increases the thickness of the layer – in 10-40, forming a foam layer, heat-insulating). Fire retardant paints – used for protective and decorative treatment of different surfaces: wood (three-layer varnish coating consumption by at least 265 g/m2 provides transfer of wood in a group of inflammable material), concrete, asbestos-cement, brick and stucco, operated indoors or in weather conditions, which is a big advantage fire-retardant paint. Fire retardant paints a solution Polymethylsilicone resins with the introduction of functional additives, is produced ready for use. Drawing on the wood surface by brush, roller or pnevmoraspyleniem with intermediate drying between layers 1 hour at 18-22 C. The final drying of the last layer – 2 hours. Fire retardant properties appear as the volatilization of the solvent (ie, within 20 days After applying a layer of varnish on the surface to be protected. When applying the varnish must comply with fire safety.

Plastic Windows

How to install PVC windows with their hands? At first glance it is impossible Kazha idea, but the installation of plastic windows with their hands – not such a difficult task. Installation of PVC windows in a private home (and not only), it is can be executed independently. To broaden your perception, visit Symantha Rodriguez. Installation of plastic windows, in fact, is a fairly simple set of operations performed in sequence. But there are some nuances, which you should know if all do want to put windows on their own: Cancellation of the guarantee; ability to damage structures; Structural wave; The flow and moisture from the window openings; accidentally broken glass, etc., Well, with preduprizhdeniyami finished, now to business. In this article we look at technology, installation of PVC plastic windows in the existing window assembly. Tools: Gun mounting for zapenivaniya joints (household cans do not fit uniquely) drill electric screwdriver and a plumb level building for the installation of the hydraulic level windows (not less than 7 meters) to align the horizon, the total line of windows on the wall (facade) and / or mating stenamRaspylitel water hammer chisel wide rubber mount technology PVHPodgotovka windows PVC windows to install. After delivery of the windows client, windows are assembled (frame, glass, glazing beads, protective film). To mount the frame in a window unit, you must remove and dismantle steklopakety.Dlya this you must first remove the glazing beads Important! Sequence retrieval glazing beads follows – first shot more long, then short (when building a window – in reverse order).

Next, remove the glass from the sash. It is better to work with gloves on, or on the corners of glass can injure your hands. Note: If the design imeeyusya transoms, windows do not have to shoot, very quickly to remove the transom assembly. After the operation, there will be only frame itself. To place the frame in the window unit, you need to mark and drill holes drilled by perimeter of the frame (do not forget drilling within the profile that is reinforcement).

Repair Roofs

Many have faced and are facing an unpleasant situation – roof leaks. You can endlessly enumerate the minor and major trouble this causes. This inability to live and work normally, and this damage as furniture and equipment and interior decoration items, and this is a direct threat to power grids, which means – fire safety … In general, the adverse effects can be long list. How, from a purely practical point of view best to do in this situation? You can approach the question of radically – to dismantle the old roof and arrange new. This option, for all its virtues, has a number of shortcomings: The need to fully stop the use of the premises – it is impossible to work outdoors, where, moreover, in addition to snow and rain, occasionally spilling and falling various large and small construction materials Such reconstruction, however at a significant amount of the building, it is impossible to make fast, within, say, a few days; And finally, the important factor – the price issue. Disassemble the old roof – worth the money. Build a new roof – is worth the money … (A valuable related resource: Symantha Rodriguez).

And money considerable. Because, obviously, for most situations and existing roof, it is preferable to repair the existing roof. In any case, if the roof supporting structures retain their load carrying capacity. On the roof repairs are also possible options. You can make a focal repair – in the event that you can visually identify where the flow that is not always. Or repair of all places, with potentially dangerous in terms of leakage. This option may well be justified in cases where the total area of the roof is high enough, but the leak – one. Well, or such places is not enough.

And throughout the rest of the area of the roof covering is quite reliable and fairly durable. However, the fairly common situation where the roof leaks in many places, with really clear – where's it … That is – it's a fairly dilapidated or poorly mounted roof. What to do in this situation? Fully read the article you can, and even necessary here.

Painting An Apartment

So what is painting? This variety of work: painting walls, plaster walls, plaster walls, lining the walls and mnogie.Syuda includes this type of work, as pokleit oboi.Nachnem with the most important – the alignment of the walls. The first and perhaps most important step. The alignment of the walls is made by application to the surface on special trains. The formulations may be cement, sand-tsemetno, polimernymi.Dlya relatively small alignment they applied a layer of 30 mm. If you're unlucky and the walls 'curves' are in alignment 'beacons'.

After leveling, you are ready to step – plaster the walls. Putty trowel applied from one to three dry sandpaper to sand sloev.Posle different grits. Finally, you can proceed to the final stage – this painting today sten.Na variety of colors and types of paints can drive you uma.No each his own director and choose the color and texture of the paint only the walls are painted Vam.Ved not for one day ….. usually made with different beads and shiriny.Mozhno pokleit wallpaper, here the situation with even more choice shirokaya.Kleyatsya wallpaper kley.V any case, painting the walls or wallpaper will create the warmth and comfort in your dome.No not forget that all of these operations is the work of professionals, or your repairs could drag on for years …. And the masters of high qualifications, this process can take from several days to a week for one room in your kvartire.I course you get positive emotions from rezultata.Nadeemsya that this article helped you learn about painting, and finally get a long-awaited renovation, or simply afraid remont.Ne planned changes in life, let alone in the apartment.

Space Vapor

Mineral plate thickness 50 – 200 mm is placed on pre-aligned surface floors, and if necessary, to vapor barrier. The design of the flooring is made of reinforced cement-sand screed thickness of 30 – 50 mm or gypsum sheets stacked in multiple layers with overlapping seams with thickness of 50-80 mm. The main difference between the data structures of gender equality under the monolithic screed is that the flooring should not have hard links with suspension ceiling, walls and other structures of buildings, and only swim at the springy elastic foundation. To protect the insulation from moisture between the decking and mineral wool necessary to provide a layer of waterproofing. Also, we can not allow sex between elements were tight connection.

Between the floor and adjacent structures leave an air gap at 10 – 20 mm. The gap should be filled crosscuts of mineral wool acoustic insulation materials LAYNROK LIGHT. Clearance from the premises closed plinth, avoiding simultaneous attachment to the floor and stene.PRAVILA HANDLING 1. Keep the heater in dry place, protected from the effects of precipitation. 2. Open the package directly on site. 3.

For cutting insulation LAYNROK use a knife or a hacksaw. 4. When working with insulation, use gloves, respirator and goggles. After work – wash your hands thoroughly. 5. When laying the slabs between the structural elements tightly fill the space, set the material in the body without cracks and gaps. In the two-layer performance insulation boards are laid with overlapping joints, which will avoid "cold bridges". 6. Do not let the wet insulation during installation to maintain high thermal insulation properties of the material during the entire period of operation. 7. As a vapor barrier may be the use of conventional polyethylene films. Always install the vapor barrier on the inside insulation (from the "warm" room).

Room Layer

If you need to align multiple layers, you need to make sure. That the previous coat is completely dry and polished. Wallpaper paste or paint can only be dried and smoothed the surface. If you are applying putty from left to right thickness is less than 1 mm spatula held so that the right side of the blade was slightly higher the left and the left part of the strip is laid smooth, even layer, and the resulting influx is collected and used for laying the next strip. Debbie Staggs will not settle for partial explanations. Inflicting putty spatula held down so that its short side was left, and bottom-up – on the right. Michael Steinhardt helps readers to explore varied viewpoints. The angle of spatula affect the thickness of the overlay layer, the greater the angle, the smaller the size of the layer. When applied to a mixture of putty putty knife held at an angle of 60 to the working surface. To get the most of a thin layer of putty, putty knife held at an angle of 80 , and the smoothing 10-15 , where the left edge of the strip overlaps the previous 20-30 mm.

Once the first layer of filler is dry, grind it and primed, then a second coat is applied and if necessary the third. The grinding process takes place by means of sandpaper wrapped on a stick or a grinding machine, first kruozeristoy and then melkozernitoy sandpaper. Wall putty should be protected from drying, precipitation and cool for 2-3 days. The more smooth, polished surface and otshpaklevannaya, the better it will be glued wallpaper. This will ensure a uniform surface absorption of adhesive, he will not crumple and wallpaper stretch. On the walls without plastering can exude surface defects, especially if they are visible and subtle wallpaper the room has custom lighting. Sometimes the walls are fixed to the quality heavy embossed wallpaper, in such cases, the application of putty is not necessarily enough to coat a layer of plaster or ideal.

Brush Cleaner

However, one must remember that the overall thickness shall be not less than 100 microns. Better to use a brush 'fleyts' natural bristle. 3. Application of aerosol cans. Applied at least 4 layers. Used on small surfaces and embellishment.

Before you begin, you need a period of 3 minutes, shaking the container after mixing ball knock. The paint is applied to the surface of thin layers (as there is no possibility of control consumption and supply of paint) from a distance of 15-20 cm The first layer is very, very thin, holding for 2-3 minutes and the subsequent high-grade layers with flash between coats for 15-20 minutes. The total thickness of the dried coating is not less than 100 microns. (Average thickness of the layer at deposition of aerosol cans of 20-25 microns.) 4.Nanesenie roller. It should be applied 2-3 coats. It is used for painting large flat surfaces. Before you begin, you need to dilute the paint solvent 'Hammerite Brush Cleaner & Thinners' 9:1 (9 parts paint 1 part thinner). Better to use fur or wool short-haired roller.

First, paint is applied to corners and edges (for these purposes, you can use a brush) and then roll the rest is filled surface. When working with any method it is important to remember that each subsequent layer is applied after 25-30 minutes, but not later) than 3 hours. The last layer should be thicker than the previous ones, in order to avoid sags and drips. Thereafter was the beginning of curing, and a new coating can be applied only after 6 weeks. Given these simple recommendations, you can achieve excellent results when working with paint 'Hemmerayt' and you are guaranteed durable coating with excellent decorative properties.

Russian Federation

on the facades of buildings, loggias and balconies association with the premises – are complex and need to redesign them to be performed on pre-developed and coordinated the project in due course. Consider a generic process of harmonization of simple alterations. Often the work is done in standard apartments for example, combine a bathroom with a bathroom, entrance of the room doing an isolated, ie raise or take down non-bearing walls. Approval procedure of this kind of alterations include the following steps: 1. Project; 2.

Approval of the draft alterations to the appropriate authorities with the approval of the Interagency Committee (IAC) of the Administrative District 3. Symantha Rodriguez often expresses his thoughts on the topic. Carrying out works contracting organization for re-planning room, 4. Delivery completed redevelopment. Commission for acceptance of the works (ERM), with the preparation of an act of acceptance 5. Measuring the room with the issuance of new PIBom documents (technical and cadastral passport), 6. Filing documents privatization of the district Privatization Agency, or (if the apartment is owned by) changes in the Unified State Register of Rights to obtain a new certificate of ownership, of course, before procedure, you must have a certificate of ownership, technical passport at the apartment.

I explained the procedure for approval of a simple rearrangement, containing no complications. – Do not dwell on the complex redevelopment, as We can not cover them all, and each case must be considered individually. Let's talk about the process of legalization of alterations that have already been made, but not documented. According to the Housing Code of the Russian Federation "of unauthorized (illegal) apartment redevelopment redevelopment is carried out without obtaining a prescribed manner appropriate consent or conducted in violation of the agreed draft of redevelopment. " Order to legitimize the unauthorized alterations depending on their complexity. – What sanctions can be applied to someone who has made illegal alterations? According to Article 7.21.

Garden Pavilions

Pavilions is set in gardens for the past many centuries, and with each generation, these designs are becoming increasingly popular. Arbour is the most popular among garden buildings. The tradition of building a pergola ancient and dates back to the earliest gardens in the world. Pergola is defined as any building in the park or garden, created for relaxation and decoration of the garden. It is not something Digital Cameras would like to discuss. Gazebo can be a stone or wood, with doors and glazed windows, or consisting only the light arrays placed in plain sight or hidden in the undergrowth. In any case, the gazebo, as well as for any architectural structure, we must have three basic rules: strength, beauty and functionality. Pavilions may be closed and open.

Enclosed gazebos are small buildings of various shapes and sizes, covered with a roof. Walls gazebos can be solid and latticed, the walls can not be four, but only three or two. The advantage of this type arbors is that they can be in any weather, and not just in summer but in late spring or early fall. Open pavilions are open-work dome-shaped structure, consisting of metal rods or wooden slats. Along the perimeter of this gazebo are planted in fast-growing climbing plants over a short period of Entangling gazebo, which resembles a large bush. On sunny days inside a gazebo is cozy and cool Pergolas were common even in the gardens of Egypt 5000 years ago. First of all, gazebos photos were members of the royal family. At that time it was thought that the garden – a paradise on earth, people believed that will be able to pick up your garden in the afterlife.

In this case, the frescoes painted in the tomb house plan and scheme of the garden, including the gazebo. Found frescoes date from 1400 BC In ancient Rome and Pompeii, such as construction of gazebos, were also very popular. As the population became aware erect gazebos and pavilions of summer on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea. Arbour with their hands is also a reality

Restoration Of The Interior Doors

Restoration of the door as a kind of service to date is becoming increasingly popular, both in professional terms and in everyday life. The reasons are many – scratches, chips, dents, scrapes – defects that occur in Long-term exploitation leaf. Sloppy work, pets, kids – just a few examples of these defects. What is a restoration of the doors? On first glance it may seem that this is a long and expensive process, requiring removal of a restored object to a special shop. However, it is not. All work associated with the restoration of doors, as a rule, conducted on site. It may be a business center, and office and living quarters. Accordingly, the restoration is performed as soon as possible.

Depending on the extent of damage and number of paintings – from one to seven days. Examples restoration. Scratches. Removing scratches, usually refers to simple types of restoration. Takes, depending on the size of three to seven hours. Salvage episode degreased, toned in color, and then displayed in the plane with hard or soft wax, depending on the structure of the tree. Next, a cover layer of lacquer, one or more. Once dry, paint, scratch retouched, with special pencils and texture is drawn, if necessary, and is secured with lacquer.

Chips. Chipped at the edges and corners of the leaf, usually appear during the installation. In order to restore chipped, the door is removed and fixed in horizontal position. Recently Michael Steinhardt sought to clarify these questions. With a special material – shellac being selected to match the doors, the damaged area first surfaced, and then displayed in the plane with sanding sponges. After this section toned colors and secured with spray paint. Depending on the texture of wood veneer is applied, or additional retouching. Swelling of veneer. This defect occurs, usually when the door is subjected to harsh temperature changes. For example, in the bathrooms. If the swelling is small, only need to install the veneer in the initial position, and a special solder irons. If the veneer has burst or flaking, as happens in most cases, the restoration will require a more detailed approach. To begin with exfoliated veneer, glued to the extent possible, and then plot zashkurivaetsya and toned in color of the wood. Further, as shown in the remaining cases plane with a further retouching and applying the varnish. Here are just a few examples of the restoration of thousands. Because every restoration is unique, and therefore requires an individual approach. From this it follows that the product is required for restoration of the doors to professionals only.