Third Reich

However, the existing similarities between the government Vargas, in Brazil, and Benito Mussolini, in Italy, had not hindered the relations of the Brazilian government with the allies, mainly with the United States, therefore the relations between U.S.A. and Brazil in the effective conditions were of utmost importance to be disrespected. For example, in January of 1941, although the politics of Vargas to keep neutrality, established North American naval bases in many cities of Brazil: Belm, Amap, Christmas, Recife, beyond the locality of Fernando De Noronha. Valley to point out the strategical importance of the same ones for war allies. At the moment where World War II was unchained, Getlio Dornelles Vargas was the president of Brazil.

It was in the power since 1930, based in the totalitarianism. Between the Brazilians it had sympathetical of Germany and the cause anglian-Frenchman. The United States, then officially neutral, came, however, supporting the effort antinazism. Ships of the American Navy arrived with regularity at the Brazilian ports in patrol mission, to preserve the free navigation of the South Atlantic, an abundant maritime corridor in vital raw materials for warlike industry of the involved countries in the war (DRUMOND, 2008 p.66). Vargas suggested, in the end of 1940, to president Norte-Americano Franklyn Roosevelt, who was mediating between the belligerents, by means of the Soviet threat. In these occasions, the United States were prepared to declare war against the countries of the Axle, with or without attack the Pearl Harbor. In 1939, the conflict continued.

Of this form, Hitler introduced elements of the counterrevolution, finishing with the focos of the proletarian democracy, in the bourgeoisie occidental person. The ways of the war ran away, therefore, of the aspirations of the controllers of Brazil. It did not interest the country with priority, the defense of the democracy, as possible form of development of the capitalism, the New State, revealed more interested with the Third Reich, in the methods to contain the laboring classroom, although to have a commitment firmed with the United States, Vargas alone remained to fight for the neutrality. It consisted the plan of lieutenant-colonel Miller in obtaining of the government Vargas, placing to the disposal of the forces seted of the United States, if necessary, the sea and air bases, together the set of wheels and railroads, in special the ones that served to those regions: radio, telegraph, handles and telephones, as well as plant of electric energy, lodgings, hospitals and warehouses, at last, all the sectors of the Brazilian State. However, it did not obtain the contribution that would like, from there recriminated the Brazilian government, lamenting that nothing he was decided, through its efforts and expectations. Of certain form, the will for the Brazilian government had me exactly. To that height, an incident conturbou still more.