The thematic one of the environment is always present in the interest of the society, notadamente now, when it is argued with more tenacity and more celeridade in the National Congress objectifying the approval of the new Forest Code. It has many years did not exist the culdado one that the nature deserved, however, of some time for the responsible people they had started here to practise acts that are condizentes with the conservation of the life in the land, where the beings livings creature can have greater security of living in a more healthful and sustainable environment. Unhappyly, nor all the people think of this form, not only about Brazil as in other countries. Object of great controversy, in 24 of May of 2011 the Federal Chamber approved with some emendations the Project of Law 1,876/2009 that, after the approval in the Federal Senate, will have to be changedded into the main law that will go to regulate the relation of the Brazilian with the nature, notadamente in agricultural areas. However, given the great controversy, it is very probable that in the Senate serious modifications occur in this project of law approved in the Chamber. Fact that will take its return to the Chamber. Of any form, it is an advance that will have to take Brazil to adopt a law of regulation of the use of the natural resources condizente with the maintenance of the conditions of the nature next to the current ones. In accordance with the Institute of Pesquisas Econmicas Aplicadas (IPEA), exists 5.181.595 agricultural property totalizing 571 million hectares. Of this total, 4,6 million are of properties considered for familiar agriculture (small properties that are enough agriculturist to work it and of it to take off its sustenance and its familiar ones, using the proper force of work, of familiar the e, eventually, of third), corresponding 90% of the country properties in Brazil.