Natural Resources

in the Guayana soil mineral often found in large quantities. Renewable natural resources of Venezuela are represented in the lavish forests, fisheries in the national maritime fronts and heavy streams that are exploited for the generation of electricity and energy, and other biotic resources such as large agricultural tracts. Among non-renewable resources are oil, natural gas, iron, bauxite, coal, gold and diamonds. There are huge natural gas reserves, associated and not associated with crude oil deposits. Found new reserves in the northeastern region, both on the mainland and offshore, which make up more than 4.1 trillion cubic meters of natural gas, placing Venezuela in ninth place worldwide. The minerals pass of 150 classes. The most important are iron, bauxite, gold, diamonds, phosphate, copper, nickel, lead, zinc, salt, gypsum and limestone.In the Venezuelan Guayana there are large reserves of iron ore and bauxite, as well as gold and diamond deposits. Increased production of the latter comes from mining minerals free use. The reserves of gold and diamonds represent about 10 of known global reserves. Venezuela protects 62.9 (2007) of its territory, the highest percentage of American countries. The neighbors of Venezuela, Colombia, Brazil and Guyana-protection only 31.7 , 18.5 and 2.2 respectively. Despite these protective measures, Venezuela is losing some of its valuable tropical forests. Between 1990 and 1995, were eliminated more than 2.5 million hectares. is instead of a biosphere reserve, and five of its wetlands are registered in the Ramsar Convention.